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Old 02-04-2004, 10:33 AM
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Nation's Hispanic Population

Public Information Office

301-457-3030/301-457-3670 (fax)
301-457-1037 (TDD)

Betsy Guzman
301-457-2403



Census 2000 Paints Statistical Portrait
of the Nation's Hispanic Population

A 53 percent increase in the number of people of Mexican origin fueled
much of the nearly 13 million rise in the number of Hispanics between 1990
and 2000, according to a new analysis released today by the Commerce
Department's Census Bureau.

The third in a series of Census 2000 briefs, The Hispanic Population [PDF],
showed that the country's Mexican population numbered 20.6 million in 2000
and comprised 58 percent of the nation's 35.3 million Latinos. The number
of Mexicans increased by 7.1 million during the decade, accounting for a
majority of the 12.9 million increase in the total Hispanic population.

Another 3.4 million Latinos were Puerto Rican, 1.2 million were Cuban
and 10.0 million were of other Hispanic origins. Among other Hispanics in
2000, 1.7 million were Central American, 1.4 million were South American,
0.8 million were Dominican and 6.1 million were of other Hispanic origins.

"More than three-fourths of Hispanics lived in the West or South," said
Betsy Guzman, author of the brief. "The counties with the highest
concentrations of Latinos are located along the nation's southwestern
border. In fact, among the 50 counties nationwide where Hispanics
comprised a majority of the total population, 43 were located in either
Texas or New Mexico."

Other highlights:

Hispanics by state

- Half of the nation's Hispanic population lived in California or
Texas. About 3 in 4 Hispanics lived in California, Texas, New York,
Florida, Illinois, Arizona and New Jersey combined. The largest
Mexican populations were in California, Texas, Illinois and Arizona,
largely southwestern states. The largest Puerto Rican populations were
in New York, Florida, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, mostly Northeastern
states. About two-thirds of Cubans were in Florida.

- In New Mexico, 42 percent of the population was Latino, the highest
proportion of any state. Hispanics also made up more than 12 percent
of the population (the national average) in eight other states
(California, Texas, Arizona, Nevada, Colorado, Florida, New York and
New Jersey). Mexicans were the largest Hispanic group in five of
these states (California, Texas, Arizona, Nevada and Colorado).

Hispanics by city

- New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston and San Antonio each were
home to more than 500,000 Latinos. Mexicans represented the majority
of Hispanics in each of these places except New York, where Puerto
Ricans made up the largest share.

- Latinos in East Los Angeles, Calif., comprised the vast majority (97
percent) of the population, the highest proportion of any place with
100,000 or more residents. Hispanics also comprised the majority of
the population in 18 other places this size.

- The largest Mexican populations lived in Los Angeles, Chicago,
Houston, San Antonio and Phoenix. The largest Puerto Rican
populations lived in New York, Chicago and Philadelphia. The largest
Cuban populations lived in Hialeah, Fla.; Miami; New York;
Tampa, Fla.; and Los Angeles.

Hispanics by county

- In 2000, Latinos in four counties (Los Angeles County, Calif.;
Miami-Dade County, Fla.; Harris County, Texas; and Cook County,
Ill.) accounted for 22 percent of the total Hispanic population.

- More than half (52 percent) of all Cubans lived in Miami-Dade County,
Fla.

Additional Census 2000 briefs will be released over the next several
months on topics such as age, race, sex and housing. A listing of Census
2000 briefs can be found on the Census Bureau's Web site
http://www.census.gov/population/ww...00/briefs.html.

-X-






Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Public Information Office
(301) 763-3030
Last Revised: May 10, 2001 at 07:14:02 AM






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